How to Write an Essay: A Comprehensive Guide

Published on: by E2 English


Okay, so you need to write an English essay. How do you get a high score? And what do you write about? If you're asking these questions, this is the video for you. Hi, my name is Jay and in this video, I'm going to show you an essay structure that you can use for high level English exams like IELTS, or PTE or TOEFL, or even just for high school essays. It works in any situation for any essay type, or any question prompt. And speaking of essay types and question prompts, we need to start there. Essay types and question prompts. So before I show you that unbelievable essay structure, we first need to make sure that you fulfil the requirements of the essay you're given. And to do this, you need to do one thing and one thing only. Answer the question. It sounds simple, but people always seem to screw it up. If I give you a question prompt like this one that requires you to write a comparison essay by providing advantages and disadvantages, then just do that. In some countries, most people prefer to rent their houses rather than buy their houses. What are the advantages and disadvantages of renting a home? Okay, now that we have gotten that out of the way, we can move on to a powerful and flexible essay structure that you can use for any essay question. Just before we do, click that subscribe button for excellent English language videos each and every week.

Introduction: Importance of essay structure in achieving high scores

The article emphasizes on the significance of having a well-structured essay to achieve high scores in English exams such as IELTS, PTE, TOEFL, or even high school essays. A proper essay structure is crucial for organizing thoughts, arguments, and ideas in a coherent and logical manner. With a clear structure, the essay becomes easier to follow, understand, and assess for examiners or teachers.

Having a structured essay helps students to stay focused on the main topic, answer the question directly, and avoid going off on tangents. It also helps in creating a flow of ideas from one paragraph to another, making the essay more readable and engaging. A strong introduction, well-developed body paragraphs, and a conclusive conclusion are essential components of a well-structured essay.

By following a standard essay structure, students can effectively convey their arguments, analyze the topic thoroughly, and provide evidence to support their claims. This not only showcases their writing skills but also demonstrates their ability to critically think and organize information. Ultimately, understanding the importance of essay structure can lead to better academic performance and higher scores in writing assessments.

Essay types and question prompts: Fulfilling requirements by answering the question

The article highlights the importance of fulfilling the requirements of the essay by addressing the specific essay type and question prompts provided. Many students fail to achieve high scores due to their inability to effectively answer the question posed in the prompt. It is essential to understand the essay type – whether it's a comparison, argumentative, or descriptive essay – and tailor the response accordingly.

Answering the question directly is emphasized as a critical aspect of essay writing. If the prompt asks for advantages and disadvantages, students should focus on providing relevant points to fulfill this requirement. By sticking to the question and structuring the essay around the given prompt, students can ensure that their responses are on point, well-organized, and coherent.

Being able to identify the type of essay and understand the question prompts is the first step towards writing a successful essay. By addressing the requirements clearly and concisely, students can demonstrate their ability to comprehend the task at hand and present their arguments effectively. This approach not only enhances the overall quality of the essay but also increases the chances of scoring high marks in exams.

Essay structure overview: Ultimate essay structure for any type of essay

The article introduces an ultimate essay structure that can be applied to any type of essay and question prompt. The suggested structure comprises a well-organized introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusive conclusion. Each part of the essay – introduction, body, and conclusion – plays a specific role in presenting the arguments, supporting evidence, and summarizing the key points.

The structured essay format presented in the article is designed to help students connect their introduction to the body paragraphs seamlessly and ensure a coherent flow of ideas throughout the essay. By following the suggested structure, students can write with clarity, logic, and purpose, which are essential elements for achieving high scores in exams.

Understanding the purpose of each paragraph – introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion – helps students create a cohesive and well-structured essay that meets the criteria set by examiners or teachers. By adhering to a standard essay structure, students can effectively communicate their ideas, demonstrate their analytical skills, and present a well-structured argument, ultimately leading to academic success and high scores.

Paragraph purposes: Introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion

The structure of an essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Each part serves a specific purpose in conveying the content of the essay effectively. The introduction provides an overview of what the essay will discuss, the body paragraphs delve into the main ideas and arguments, and the conclusion summarizes the key points and reiterates the thesis statement. By following this structure, writers can ensure that their essays are clear, cohesive, and logical.

In the introduction, the writer sets the stage for the essay by providing a general background or context related to the topic. This helps to engage the reader and establish the relevance of the discussion. Additionally, the introduction includes a thesis statement that outlines the main argument or central point of the essay. The thesis statement serves as a roadmap for the reader, guiding them through the content and highlighting the writer's stance on the topic. Overall, the introduction plays a crucial role in capturing the reader's attention and preparing them for the content that follows in the subsequent paragraphs.

The body paragraphs of an essay are where the main ideas and arguments are presented and supported with evidence or examples. Each body paragraph focuses on a specific aspect of the topic and develops a coherent argument or narrative. To ensure clarity and coherence, each body paragraph follows a structured format, including a topic sentence, supporting details, and a concluding sentence. By organizing the content in this way, writers can effectively communicate their ideas and persuade readers of their viewpoint. The body paragraphs form the core of the essay, providing the substance and depth necessary to convey the writer's message.

Making a quick plan before writing: Identifying main ideas and direction

Before starting to write an essay, it is essential to create a quick plan that identifies the main ideas and direction of the writing. Planning helps writers stay focused, organize their thoughts, and ensure that the essay flows logically from start to finish. By taking a few moments to outline the key points and arguments, writers can save time and avoid unnecessary revisions later on. A well-thought-out plan serves as a roadmap for the writing process, guiding the author through the construction of a coherent and persuasive essay.

The planning phase involves analyzing the essay prompt or question and determining the most important ideas to address. Writers should consider the main themes, arguments, or points they want to convey in their essay. By identifying these key elements, writers can create a structure for their essay that is clear, concise, and engaging. Planning also allows writers to establish a logical sequence for presenting their ideas, ensuring a smooth transition between paragraphs and sections of the essay. Overall, a quick plan before writing helps writers stay organized and focused, leading to a more effective and impactful final product.

In addition to outlining the main ideas and direction of the essay, a quick plan can also help writers anticipate challenges or potential roadblocks in their writing. By considering possible counterarguments or alternative perspectives, writers can strengthen their own arguments and address potential weaknesses in their reasoning. Planning ahead can also help writers clarify their thoughts and refine their thesis statement, leading to a more coherent and persuasive essay overall. Ultimately, making a quick plan before writing is an essential step in the essay-writing process that can improve the quality and effectiveness of the final piece.

The Introduction: Three-part structure with broad background, essay prompt paraphrasing, and thesis statement

The introduction of an essay plays a crucial role in engaging the reader and establishing the context for the discussion. It typically follows a three-part structure that includes a broad background statement, a paraphrasing of the essay prompt, and a thesis statement. The broad background statement provides general information or context related to the topic, setting the stage for the discussion that follows. This helps to orient the reader and create a foundation for understanding the content of the essay.

Paraphrasing the essay prompt in the introduction helps to clarify the purpose and scope of the writing. By rephrasing the prompt in their own words, writers demonstrate their understanding of the question and indicate the direction of their argument. This step ensures that the reader is clear on the focus of the essay and highlights the writer's interpretation of the topic. Paraphrasing also helps to establish a connection between the prompt and the thesis statement, creating a cohesive flow between the introduction and the body of the essay.

The thesis statement is a key component of the introduction, as it presents the main argument or central claim of the essay. It outlines the writer's position on the topic and previews the key points that will be discussed in the body paragraphs. A well-crafted thesis statement is specific, concise, and clearly articulates the writer's stance. By including a thesis statement in the introduction, writers provide a roadmap for the reader and ensure that the essay is focused and coherent. Overall, the three-part structure of the introduction helps to establish the foundation for the essay and engage the reader from the outset.

The Body Paragraphs: Structure for presenting main ideas with topic sentence, reasons/examples, and summary sentence

In the first body paragraph, the main idea of renting for flexibility is discussed. The author explains that renting a house rather than buying one allows individuals to have the flexibility to move at any time. For example, if someone changes jobs and their new office is far away, they can easily rent a house closer to work, saving them time commuting. Additionally, in case of any issues like safety concerns in the local neighborhood, renters have the advantage of packing up and moving to a different location without the commitment of owning a property. Therefore, the flexibility that comes with renting is highlighted as a key benefit in this paragraph.

Moving on to the second body paragraph, the financial disadvantages of renting are presented by the author. It is argued that while renting provides flexibility, it can be financially disadvantageous in the long run. The example is provided that renting means the individual is not investing in their own property and instead, the money spent on rent does not contribute to an asset that can be owned or sold later. This highlights the financial aspect of renting, where individuals may miss out on the opportunity to build equity or wealth through homeownership. Ultimately, the author suggests that while renting offers short-term benefits, there are financial drawbacks that individuals should consider.

In conclusion, the structure of the body paragraphs effectively presents the main ideas in a logical and coherent manner. By discussing the advantages and disadvantages of renting, the author provides a balanced view on the topic. The clear presentation of ideas with topic sentences, supporting reasons or examples, and summary sentences in each paragraph enhances the overall readability and understanding of the essay. This structured approach to writing body paragraphs helps to communicate the main ideas effectively while maintaining a focused and organized flow of information.

The Conclusion: Reiterating main ideas from body paragraphs and expressing personal opinion

In the conclusion of an essay, it is essential to reiterate the main ideas discussed in the body paragraphs. This serves to remind the reader of the key points that were made throughout the essay. By summarizing and restating these main ideas, the conclusion reinforces the argument or discussion presented in the body of the essay. Additionally, the conclusion is an opportunity for the writer to express their personal opinion or perspective on the topic. This personal reflection adds a unique touch to the conclusion and leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Furthermore, mirroring the introduction in the conclusion helps to create a sense of cohesion and closure in the essay. By echoing the initial thesis statement and key ideas, the conclusion brings the essay full circle and provides a satisfying ending for the reader. This mirroring technique also reinforces the structure of the essay, ensuring that all components - introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion - are connected and contribute to the overall argument or discussion. Ultimately, the conclusion is a crucial part of the essay that should not be overlooked, as it provides closure and leaves a lasting impact on the reader.

In conclusion, the conclusion of an essay plays a vital role in summarizing the main ideas from the body paragraphs and expressing the writer's personal opinion. By reiterating key points and mirroring the introduction, the conclusion creates a sense of cohesion and closure for the reader. It is an opportunity for the writer to leave a lasting impression and reinforce the argument presented in the essay. Therefore, crafting a strong and impactful conclusion is essential for delivering a well-rounded and compelling essay.

Recap of key concepts: Emphasizing the interconnected nature of essay structure

When recapping the key concepts of essay writing, it is important to emphasize the interconnected nature of the essay structure. A well-written essay follows a clear and logical progression from the introduction, through the body paragraphs, and into the conclusion. Each part of the essay - introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion - serves a specific purpose and contributes to the overall argument or discussion. Understanding how these components work together is crucial for creating a cohesive and effective essay.

Furthermore, the essay structure dictates the flow and organization of ideas within the essay. By starting with a broad background statement in the introduction, then narrowing down to the thesis statement, and finally mirroring the introduction in the conclusion, the essay structure provides a framework for presenting ideas in a clear and coherent manner. This structure helps the writer stay focused on the topic, maintain a logical progression of ideas, and ensure that the essay is well-organized and easy to follow for the reader.

In conclusion, recapping the key concepts of essay writing involves highlighting the interconnected nature of the essay structure. By emphasizing the role of each component - introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion - in the overall structure of the essay, writers can create well-organized and effective essays. Understanding the flow and organization of ideas within the essay is essential for producing coherent and persuasive writing. Ultimately, recognizing the interconnected nature of the essay structure is key to mastering the art of essay writing.


  • Answering the question is crucial to writing a successful essay.
  • A good essay structure will help you organize your thoughts and improve your writing.
  • Each paragraph serves a specific purpose in an essay.
  • Creating a plan before writing can save you time and improve the coherence of your essay.
  • The introduction sets the stage for the rest of the essay, providing background information and stating the thesis.
  • Body paragraphs should each focus on a main idea, supported by reasons and examples.
  • Conclusions should summarize the main points of the essay and restate the thesis.
  • Following a clear structure and staying on topic are key to writing an effective essay.


Q: How important is it to answer the essay question accurately?

A: Answering the essay question accurately is crucial to writing a successful essay. Failing to address the prompt can result in a lower score and a less effective essay.

Q: Why is creating a plan before writing important?

A: Creating a plan before writing is important because it helps you organize your thoughts, structure your essay effectively, and save time by avoiding unnecessary revisions. A clear plan can also help you stay on topic and ensure that you address all aspects of the essay question.

Q: What should the introduction of an essay include?

A: The introduction of an essay should include a broad background statement, a paraphrased version of the essay prompt, and a thesis statement that outlines the main ideas of the essay. A well-crafted introduction sets the stage for the rest of the essay and provides a roadmap for the reader.

Q: How many paragraphs should be in the body of an essay?

A: The body of an essay typically consists of two or more paragraphs, with each paragraph focusing on a distinct main idea supported by reasons and examples. The body paragraphs should provide detailed explanations and evidence to support the thesis statement and help the reader understand the argument or analysis presented in the essay.

Q: What is the purpose of a conclusion in an essay?

A: The conclusion of an essay serves to summarize the main points of the essay, restate the thesis, and provide a final perspective or opinion on the topic. A well-written conclusion helps to tie together the various elements of the essay and leave a lasting impression on the reader.

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